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Symptoms of STIs and information on testing

What could be causing my symptoms?

  • Pain or discomfort when passing urine:
    Chlamydia, Gonorrhoea, NSU (Nonspecific urethritis), Herpes Simplex Virus (HSV)
  • Discharge or irritation from the penis or bottom:
    Chlamydia, Gonorrhoea, NSU (Nonspecific urethritis)
  • Cuts or sores on genital area or bottom:
    Herpes Simplex Virus, Primary Syphilis, Human Papilloma Virus (HPV)
  • Unusual vaginal discharge or irritation:
    Chlamydia, Gonorrhoea, Trichomonas Vaginalis (TV), Bacterial Vaginosis (BV), Candida (thrush)
  • Bleeding during or after sex or in-between periods:
    Chlamydia, Gonorrhoea, Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID), Human Papilloma Virus (HPV)
  • Pain in your lower abdomen:
    Chlamydia, Gonorrhoea, Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID)
  • Lumps or warts:
    Human Papilloma Virus (HPV), Herpes Simplex Virus (HSV), Primary Syphilis
  • Rashes:
    On very rare occasions this could be Secondary Syphilis or Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV)

If you are experiencing any of the above symptoms you should attend a Unity Sexual Health clinic for an examination and test.

Further information on Accessing advice

If you experience any symptoms that are not listed above then you should still attend a clinic for an examination.

Our expert clinic staff will be able to help you and many of these symptoms are easily and quickly resolved with treatment.

Further information on Types of STIs

Not sure when to test for an infection?

If you have any of the above symptoms you should arrange an appointment or attend the walk-in service as soon as possible. If you have no symptoms, then:

  • 2 weeks following sexual contact to test for Chlamydia and Gonorrhoea
  • 1 month following sexual contact to test for HIV
  • 3 months following sexual contact to test for Syphilis or Hepatitis

If you have no genital symptoms, you can request an online test kit here: Order a test kit

Further information on each of these infections can be found on the FPA website.

Locate a confidential service

Find your local Pharmacy or Clinic and book a confidential appointment.


Order a testing kit

Worried about STIs or other sexual health problems? You can request a confidential free home testing kit.

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